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Understanding Microdermabrasion and Its Various Forms

Updated: Dec 27, 2023

Microdermabrasion is a technique that involves the use of tiny crystals to exfoliate the skin and suction to eliminate debris and impurities. This chemical-free, non-invasive method removes the skin's dry, dead outer layer to reveal a fresh, healthy layer beneath. Consequently, the skin appears rejuvenated with a brighter complexion.

The procedure consists of two main steps. First, a machine employs tiny crystals to exfoliate the skin, removing dead skin cells delicately. Simultaneously, a vacuum extracts the detached cells and debris.

Microdermabrasion suits all skin types and colors without causing scarring or discoloration. It is less aggressive than traditional dermabrasion and has a faster recovery time, producing impressive results without needing needles or anesthetics.

Dermatologists have used microdermabrasion to treat various conditions for years, and it became a popular salon treatment in the 1990s. Today, numerous home-use kits enable individuals to achieve excellent results without the high cost or risks associated with other cosmetic skin procedures.

How Does Microdermabrasion Work?

There are two primary methods for microdermabrasion – using a crystal/diamond-tipped wand to glide over the skin or applying highly pressurized crystals against the skin surface to rejuvenate and brighten it. The latter is typically available only in salons and dermatologist offices.

This process vigorously but gently exfoliates the skin's top layer, removing impurities and dead cells. Simultaneously, an integrated vacuum extracts the impurities and dead skin cells, leaving the skin looking more radiant and cleaner.

Microdermabrasion is non-invasive and does not require any medications or numbing agents beforehand. The procedure is not painful and is likened to the sensation of a cat licking the skin. Unless the microdermabrasion treatment includes a skin care product, no chemicals are involved.

How Does A Microdermabrasion Machine Work?

A microdermabrasion device serves two primary purposes. First, the machine delicately exfoliates the skin. This can be achieved through different techniques. Some microdermabrasion methods involve directing a high-pressure flow of tiny crystals at the skin. These crystals can contain various substances, with aluminum oxide being the most common. Other materials include magnesium oxide, sodium chloride, and even diamond.

Another technique, often used in at-home microdermabrasion machines, involves exfoliating with a diamond or crystal-tipped wand drawn across the skin. The wand's tip is solid, eliminating the need for firing crystals and making cleaning easier. As the name suggests, diamond is often used to exfoliate surfaces, but other minerals may also be employed.

The microdermabrasion machine's second function is to eliminate the exfoliated dead skin cells using a built-in vacuum that removes the dead cells. Users can adjust the suction pressure according to their sensitivity levels in most microdermabrasion devices.

Some microdermabrasion machines also offer a third feature, which involves applying a skincare product that complements the microdermabrasion process and enhances the results.

Benefits of Microdermabrasion

In addition to alleviating away dead skin cells, microdermabrasion offers several other advantages.


The procedure can enhance blood and lymphatic skin circulation, improving overall health. Increased blood flow provides more oxygen and nutrients to the cells, enhancing cell functions and, in turn, improving skin elasticity.

Enhances Product Efficacy

Microdermabrasion has been shown to increase the absorption of skincare products by up to 50%, making them more effective. By extracting the outer layer of dead skin cells, the active ingredients in skincare products can penetrate the skin more easily, providing enhanced results.

Reduced Pore Size and Congestion

Microdermabrasion can help reduce the size of enlarged pores and clear out congested pores. Microdermabrasion promotes a cleaner and healthier complexion by removing dead skin cells, dirt, and excess oils.

Improves Skin Texture and Tone

The process of exfoliation and stimulation of collagen production during microdermabrasion can improve skin texture and tone. As a result, the skin appears smoother, more radiant and even-toned.

Minimizes Fine Lines and Wrinkles

Microdermabrasion can help lessen the formation of fine lines and wrinkles by stimulating collagen production, which is essential for maintaining the skin's elasticity and firmness.

Although microdermabrasion may not eliminate deep wrinkles, it can reduce the visibility of fine lines.

Treats Hyperpigmentation and Acne Scars

Microdermabrasion can help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, age spots, and acne scars by promoting the growth of new skin cells and stimulating collagen production. It is particularly effective in treating superficial acne scars.

Suitable for All Skin Types

Microdermabrasion is safe and effective for people with various skin types and colors. The treatment does not cause discoloration or scarring, making it suitable for sensitive or dark skin.

Recovery Time

Microdermabrasion has a shorter recovery time than more aggressive skin treatments like chemical peels and dermabrasion. Most people can resume regular activities immediately after the procedure, with minimal to no downtime.

A Chemical Free Treatment Option

Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive, chemical-free skin rejuvenation treatment that effectively exfoliates the outermost layer of dead skin cells, improving the overall appearance and health of the skin. It offers several benefits, including enhanced circulation, increased product efficacy, reduced pore size, improved skin texture, and tone, minimized fine lines and wrinkles, and treatment of hyperpigmentation and acne scars.

With minimal downtime and suitability for all skin types, microdermabrasion is an excellent option for those looking to revitalize their skin.

See also: Looking for a Natural Way to Exfoliate Your Skin?

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